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AFJ Instructor sponsored techniques.

AFJ Instructors, If you have a great technique that you would like to share with others interested in Jujitsu, Email the Federation. Try to keep your essays approximately the same length as Master Moore's Techniques on the "Jujitsu Instruction Online" page. Techniques with pictures will be at the beginning of the page.
AFJ Staff

Cross ArmBar (Ankle Variation)

Instructor Trainer Piet Wilhelm teaching the ankle armbar from the mount Compliments of Joseph Garza from Team Grounded.

TRITON Close Combat & Self-Defense  8125-K East 51st Street, Tulsa, OK 74145 (918) 852-0627 e-mail: triton_martialarts@hotmail.com

 Tai Otoshi
 (Body Drop)

Tai Otoshi or the body drop is a very powerful throw and care must be taken not to injure uke.

1)   The first phase you grasp ukes right wrist with your left hand and grasp his right shoulder with your right        hand. Step in with your left leg placing your foot in front of ukes right foot and pull him in close.

2)   The second phase you step around with your left foot keeping your hands in front of you while turning.

3)   The third phase you bend your left knee or even dropping to your knee and at the same time straiten your right leg keeping your right knee down. Your right leg will trip uke as he is thrown to the ground. It is very important to keep your knee pointed down when you trip uke for if he falls on your leg your knee will bend to avoid injury.



Jeffrey Brown

6th Dan Goshinryu Jujitsu

questions, email - goshinryu@hotmail.com

This is a exert from a book that I have written titled Goshinryu Jujitsu that is now being published and will be in stores soon!




Outside single leg takedown -

switch to a double then quickly go for a side mount-


Here's how it works-

Circle with your opponent. When he steps, shoot for the opposite leg, head on the inside and swing your body to the outside. Switch off to a double leg takedown and quickly get your hips out and around so that you're in the side mount position. Here, you can search for kimuras, scissor compression locks, side strangles, side arm bar or whatever presents itself!  The keys are circularity, level changing, fast hips and recognizing the limb, etc. that presents itself and the lock, choke or bar that could be used!

Good Luck in your training-


Mike Carmiche



Modern weapon, traditional (Yoshin Ryu Jujitsu) defense.

This pistol disarm is very fast and when practiced and mastered, it is over
in a fraction of a second, however it is NOT advisable to risk your life for
a few small bank notes, Credit cards that can be cancelled and/ or your cell phone.
In today's world innocent people are being robbed and killed even though they comply with an attackers demands and if this is the case should this attack happen to you, you have two choices try to survive or leave your fate in the hands of the mugger with a gun.
When confronted, place your hands at shoulder height and slightly wider than your shoulder width apart (this posture is known as Hira no kamae or the flat posture) this is a natural action and will probably not be suspicious.

From this position move 45 degrees forward and to the out side turning your body out of the line of fire, take hold of the attackers wrist (just below the thumb) with your lead hand, While pivoting on the lead foot and turning your rear leg a quarter circle. Your free hand now takes hold of the barrel from under the weapon (catching the weapon in the v between the index finger and the thumb. Push the barrel of the weapon up and over the attackers thumb towards his opposite shoulder and simultaneously deliver a rear leg front snap kick (destroy the foundation) to the attackers lead leg.

Continue to push the barrel of the weapon forward until the weapon strips from your attackers hand . Take hold of the pistol grip (so the weapon continues to point at the
attacker) Then slide back out of reach (ensuring the hip moves before the leg and Keeping the knees slightly bent maintains stability). Remove yourself from danger and contact the police.

This technique encompasses the principles of Yoshin Ryu Jujitsu Incorporating superior body movement and flow, Using angle, direction and pivoting motion. Using hands and feet as separate tools to over come and defeat an attacker. Destroying the foundation to unbalance and incapacitate an attacker. This defense also uses the traditional combat principles

1) Distance
2) Timing
3) Balance
4) Speed
5) Space

Performed by:-
Shihan Paul Harris
With the help of Sensai Martyn Cowd (attacking).
React street combat yoshin ryu jujitsu (uk)

Knee Scoop from back into a Gi Choke

Sensei David Hertzog is seen here teaching the takedowns/ submissions with one of his students, Joseph Bender II. Hertzog’s Combat Grappling Concepts, Kulpmont, PA 17834 (570) 373-1421 email: hertzog655@msn.com

1.      While lying on your back in a defensive position, measure your opponent’s distance.

2.      Top foot goes above his knee (inside); bottom foot goes near his ankle (outside).

3.      Scissor sweep him backwards.

4.      Quickly scramble into side control.

5.      Lock up a tight side control hold down; knees into his side, one arm beneath his head, and the other with an underhook to prevent him from bucking or shrimping away.

6.      The underhook arm reaches down as you work his Gi out of his belt.

7.      Pull the Gi under his same side arm.

8.      Take your other hand from beneath his head and pass the Gi to your other hand.

9.      Pull it tightly across his throat, while you push your weight angularly across his chest.



Gi Lapel Hook Takedown with Keylock submission

1.      Your opponent reaches across and grabs a hold of your lapel on your Gi from randori.

2.      Reach inside with your opposite hand and tightly secure his sleeve.

3.      Throw a hook punch over his holding arm, which will allow you to reach inside (obviously in randori there is no striking; however, in a self-defense situation the hook could be utilized).

4.      Swing your hand from the hook punch downward inside his hold.

5.      Take this arm and grab his belt behind him and perform a single leg scoop.

6.      Immediately go to knee-on-belly position (from here you have numerous submissions like Armbars and Leg Locks).

7.      Fold him down facing him away from you, while keeping a grip on his pants and his sleeve.

8.      Place your knees in his back to secure him in place and force his sleeve hand down into the ground (very important). Begin to take your opposite arm underneath his sleeve arm.

9.      Lock up his sleeve arm with a basic figure-four Armlock/ Keylock.

10.  Finish the move by picking him up in the air by his sleeve arm. The pain compliance comes from the knife-edge on your forearm bones.




Ushiro Ryoude Kime - Soto Makikomi (Full Nelson - outside winding throw)
Attacker stands behind the defender and attempts to apply a full nelson hold. Raise your hands above your head Bring your elbows down sharply to your sides and lock the attacker's arms with your arms. Grab the attacker's right arm with your left hand. Turn slightly to your right, and drive your right shoulder up and over the attacker's right arm. Lock the attacker's right arm with your right arm. Shift your right leg backward and drop to your right knee. As you drop to your knee, twist your body leftward to throw the
Key Point: The attacker's upper body must be held close to your body as you throw him.
Sensei Robert Puckett

Here is one of my favorite striking combinations and choking techniques for the street.
From a on-guard position facing your opponent. Execute a left finger jab to the eyes followed immediately by 3 rapid fire vertical punches (JKD straight blast or modified Wing Chun Kung Fu technique) you then execute a double claw strike, raking his eyes with your thumbs. Step to his left side and/or back place your arm under his right arm and armpit with your right forearm wrapped around the left side of his neck, grip your right hand with your left and "squeeze" executing the Side Neck Strangle, which is a hybrid Rear Naked Choke/Half Nelson the tremendous amount of pressure on the Carotid Artery can induce unconsciousness.
Alvie Walts
3rd Degree Black Belt
American Combat Fighting Arts

This technique uses a "Hooking Block", upward elbow strike, a pressure point attack and a modified O Soto Gari. If you do not know Osoto Gari you can pick it up on any basic Judo video. If you are a Karate practitioner you can substitute Ushiro Geri (Back Kick) for Osoto Gari - they are essentially the same thing.

Attacker begins with a left jab towards the defenders face. Defender parries this punch (you can substitute what ever block your style prefers. I use Kake Uke - hooking block. Attacker follow with a right hook to the head. Defender steps slightly forward with a rising elbow strike in to the soft tissue of the under side of attackers right bicep.

Now the defender needs to break the attackers balance and put him down.

There is a "pressure point", which I believe is actually a gland, located just beneath the jaw line towards the back. You can find this before you begin practice by running your fingers up along both sides of the windpipe. Then move your fingers towards the back of the jaw. Squeezing in and up towards the ears, your partner will let you know when you find it.

Using this technique as you are stepping forward will bring the attacker up on his toes and slightly backward.

For the modified Osoto Gari version, continue your drive forward keeping up pressure and pulling the attackers right arm back at about a 45% angle. Then step forward with your right foot and execute the sweep. You can also perform a "back kick" shooting your right foot between the attackers legs. Make sure your hip makes contact with the attackers hip. The force of the kick will push his feet forward as he falls backwards.

Renshi James Mc Coy
Goshin Budo Jujitsu


This is another favorite of mine against one of the most common Brazilian Jiujitsu tactics the "Shoot" and a common technique used on the Street, Double leg takedown or "Football tackle". I have used this technique numerous times. As your opponent "Shoots" for your legs, you SPRAWL which using his momentum throw your legs back at the same time you bring his head down and then execute a Front Headlock into a GUILLOTINE CHOKE. (Pressure applied using Forearm upward while keeping opponents head down with his head under your right armpit, your forearm is under his throat on the windpipe your left hand clinched to your right wrist while still on ground, not upright)....(note: in a Streetfight or some Vale Tudo matches you may end the fight with multiple knee strikes at this time.) You then spin clockwise to your opponents back, hooking your heels over his legs at the same time executing a REAR NAKED CHOKE.

Sensei Alvie Walts
American Combat Fighting Arts
3rd degree Black Belt


With your opponent in your guard control his wrist, his right with your left or other side. With your other arm reach for the back of his upper triceps and drag his arm across your chest letting go of his wrist. Pin his arm on floor between your elbow and side.

Open your guard putting your foot on the floor and hip out to get space, next reach across his back grabbing his lat muscle and start to climb to his back, hips first. As you go around put your inside hook (grapevine) in. then as you fully come around put in your outside hook . The hand that was controlling his back now goes to his wrist. You now have his back and can finish with a choke or strike.


If you have trouble getting your outside hook in as you hip out kick his knee out sideways, not back , this will give you some space as you are coming around.

Mark Strasser
1st dan jujitsu
1st dan shoot wrestling



(Left hand to your chest right side)

1. Left hand pins while executing a right outward block to the inside of his left elbow (to bend it in 90 degree angle)

2. Right arm does a downward elbow strike to break the wrist with an inside wristlock.

3. Do a right eye gouge or palm heel distraction to face and wind right arm counter lock wise to apply a bent arm shoulder lock.

4. Continue the counter clockwise wrenching while forcing their head down to create a throw.       

5. Finish with a neck break or chop the side of the neck.

Sensei Rich Stevenson



Hora gaeshi -- Cave counter (from Okuden no kata)

Uchidachi approaches from 45' angle and grabs both lapels.

Shidachi : right body turn and drop hips, shift to enter (irimi) with the left foot, strike uchidachi in the face with the right hand palm heel. Your left hand should drift up between his arms same time you strike with the right. Grab uchidachi's head (I usually grab hair) in both hands and jerk straight down, as if jerking his head between his own arms. Drive his head in a straight line down to his feet, as if to place his head squarely between his feet.

This is "helping him duck to enter the cave." As his body collapses, his arms will sprawl, step around him on your left side and apply hiza-ude-gatame by straightening out his (right) arm and kneeling on it at the elbow joint.

This kata is very damaging on the lower spine and hips when done properly. It suddenly contorts his body in a violent fashion, so caution in practice must be exercised.



floating drop throw/shoulder lock pin
1-assume a ready position facing your attacker.
2-block his right punch with your  forearm, then step in with your left foot and grab
his sleeve with your left hand.
3-Put your right arm around the attacker's head and kick your right leg to the outside of his right leg as high as it will go. Have your left leg follow your right leg so that you
have both feet up in the air, your back tight against the attacker's  chest and (for safety sake) his head  tight against you.
4- turn quickly to  your left as you reach   your maximum height to bring  your
opponent  over you and down. Make sure your partner give a kia on this throw.
To set a shoulder lock pin bring your right leg over the lower part of the attacker's
right arm, bending his arm back  (memo) his elbow can be broken  at this point if
he can't bend his elbow  by hooking your right foot under your left knee joint
and  straightening your  left leg.
Maintain the head lock.
5-Once his arm is bent, with his palm up, bring your attacker's head and bringing your
left leg up.
6-Continue this motion, bringing your shin back to your body as you lean
forward against his elbow.

Luis A. Santiago
5th Degree Black Belt

Wild Punch Defense-
Dead stop - you are face to face with your opponent he throws a wild face punch to you-you duck under the punch using a circular motion then using your left or right hand depending on what side your facing to them - close your hand in a fist position then breathe outwards and snap your hand into a tiger palm at the same time -contact to zyfoid process area this is a electrical shock type technique dangerous for opponent. Be cautious when using it. use pillow for safety.

The o inch power punch - is used to defend oneself in a life threatening situation only- it is a close combat technique usually within a range of 1 foot away from opponent. in a practice session using ten people you stand in a kibadatchi (horse stance with both hands downward at your sides then when opponent is in a one foot range-raise your hands and snap them into a closed fist on impact at chest level turn your hands to the left of your body at the same time. This technique will drop as many as ten people in a dominos line about five feet backward. Point: to do this properly you must breathe out deeply and slowly at the same time you come in contact on impact. taigung jitsu sensei practice this with pillows.
Soke ed Baranowski

Advanced defense against downward strike

As the attackers arm comes down, intercept its downward motion with an oblique upward deflection, striking the arm on the inside forearm on PC6 (pericardium point number 6). With your other hand, execute a downward strike with your palm heel to a point about 1 inch above the attackers eyebrow, centered on GB14 (Gallbladder point number 14) this second strike needs to only be a light strike, as too hard will cause a KO, and not allow you to complete the technique. Using the hand you struck GB14, reach around and grab the hand that did the downward strike, and apply either an armbar on their elbow by rolling their arm up and under your arm, or shoot under their arm and apply a hip toss.

After striking PC6 and GB14, the attacker will either be ko'd or be temporarily stunned allowing you to use most any technique from your repertoire.

Caution must be observed in striking these points, especially GB14, you should not strike GB14 in practice without knowing how to correctly heal the point, as it is very dangerous, death can occur if you strike too hard, or in the wrong direction.

David Padgett,
Genkotsu-Ryu JuJutsu

Air Triangle Choke From Standing Position

The Defender uses a sidearm grab to control the opponents from arm which should be on the back or wrapped around the waist.

The Defender then triangle locks the arms to force the opponent down to one arm.

While the opponent is off balance the Defender then sweeps there front leg (facing opponents face) around the back of the neck while still controlling the arm triangle locks the opponents neck.

Then with the free arm the Defender pushes opponents head and neck towards there front leg and that concludes the Air Triangle.

You can twist and turn this technique to have the opponents arm across your chest or utilize a guillotine choke if the arm is out of reach of just cant reach around to grab it

Sensei Chad Followell
Indy Xtreme Jukido Team
International Combat Gross-Ryu Union
5th Dan Gross-Ryu Jujutsu

"Neck Crank Turnover"

From the guard position, in an effort to gain
top/ superior position on your opponent, quickly place both soles of your
feet on the mat on the sides of your opponent. pull him/her toward you
until he/she has posted their hands flat on the ground. Quickly reach to a
guillotine type choke, but instead of choking him/her, snake the same arm
under his armpit. with the aid of your other hand, crank his/her neck and
turn your opponent over applying maximum pressure on his/her neck with
your tricep/chest-inducing a cervical choke!

Sensei Mike Carmiche
Yoshin Ryu Combat Academy, LLC.


DELAYED SWORD (right hand lapel grab or right punch)

1.Standing naturally facing your opponent, step back with your left foot into a right neutral bow stance while simultaneously executing a right inward block to the right inner wrist of your opponent. Immediately position your left hand at solar-plexus level, right hand forward and slightly higher as a precautionary check against further action.
2.With out delay (from your right neutral bow stance) shift your right foot back into a cat stance as you deliver a right front snap ball kick to your opponent’s groin.
3.As you plant your right foot forward toward 12 o’clock delivers a right outward hand sword strike to the right side of your opponent’s neck. Immediately slide your right hand (after the strike) to a precautionary check left hand low, right hand high.
NO cover out is required.

CAPTURING THE STORM (Front right overhead club)

1.With feet together, step forward and to your left with your left foot to 11 o’clock into a horse stance. Simultaneously deliver a cross block (your right hand over your left) to the wrist of the attacking hand. At this point your cross block should be angled off to 1 o’clock so that you head and body are outside of the line of attack.
2.Immediately grab your opponent’s right wrist with both of your hands, with your left hand facing you and you’re right hand turned away from you.
3.Step forward toward 11 o’clock with your right foot as you circle opponent’s right arm down and clockwise while striking the club against your opponent’s right knee, continue the circling motion around and up and over your head.
4.Retain your grab with your left hand as your right hand grabs outer end of opponent’s club.
5.Immediately circle your left foot counter clockwise and further back to 10 o’clock (into a right neutral bow) as your right hand forces the club out of your opponent grasps. Circles your right arms counter clockwise and strike your opponent’s right elbow with the club.
Right front crossover and cover out twice toward 12 o’clock.

RAINING LANCE (Front overhead step through knife attack)

1.While in a left neutral bow or standing naturally have your left foot move forward and to your left (between 10 and 11 o’clock) you are still in a left neutral bow as your left hand (while open) inward parries outside of opponent’s wrist (the hand with the knife).
2.While the overhead attack is still in motion, pivot to your right into horse as your right hand assists your left in following the force of your opponent’s hand. While still following the knife hand and without losing momentum, pivot to your left (into a left neutral bow) and jam the knife into your opponent’s right thigh.
3.Release your right hand check and deliver a right inward horizontal elbow strike to opponent’s sternum while shuffling forward (push drag).
4.With your left hand still pressing the knife against the thigh, have your left outward reverse tiger’s mouth (palm up) choke your opponent at his Adam’s apple as your right hand switches places (palm down) to continue pressing the knife against your opponent’s right thigh.
5.Immediately switch both of your hands so that your left forearm now presses your opponent’s right arm as the hand of the same left arm grabs and squeezes your opponent’s testicles. Simultaneously have your right hand (circle counter clockwise palm down) hook and pinch opponent’s eye (crab hand pinch).
6.Step to 10 o’clock with your left foot as your right hand hook inside of your left arm and down to check opponent’s right arm as your left hand slides up your opponent’s body after releasing opponent’s testicles) striking to opponent’s throat with your leg inner wrist.
7.Immediately switch your left inner wrist to a left hooking (shape of the crane) wrist as your right foot steps through to 11 o’clock dropping into a right kneel thus forcing your opponent over your right leg to cause a back break.
8.Almost simultaneous with the above move circle your right arm in a counter clockwise manner and deliver a right downward diagonal hammer fist across opponent’s throat. (Knife should be released at this point).
9.Deliver a left thrusting heel palm to opponent’s jaw (fingers pointed up) striking and forcing opponent off of your right knee. (Right hand checking opponent’s right shoulder).
Right front crossover and cover out twice toward 6 o’clock.

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Defensive Techniques

Punch Counter - 7

As the attacker punches, the defender turns into a cat stance and catches the attacker’s hand. He then rotates the attackers arm into an arm bar, and then executes a front snap kick to the groin. The arm bar is then followed with a downward forearm strike to the attacker’s triceps area. Once the attacker is down, he can either be controlled, or have his elbow dislocated.

Grab Art - 10
This is one of the techniques that are used against a boxer or street fighters type grab and hook punch attack. The attacker grabs the defenders right shoulder and attempts to step in and throw a hook punch to the defender’s head. The defender then steps to his right while executing long outward blocks with both arms; the left arm blocks the hook punch. And the right arm breaks the attackers grip. The defender then steps in and executes an upper cut punch to the attackers jaw. He then turns away and executes a rear elbow strike to the attackers solar plexus. He then brings his right heel straight up with a back snap kick to the attacker’s groin. Stepping forward with the right foot, he then does a left back thrust kick to the attacker’s stomach. He then strikes the attacker in the groin with a downward hammer fist. He then steps back and grabs the attacker arm and executes a shoulder throw.

Club Counter - 2
As the attacker steps in to deliver a downward strike to the defenders head, the defender executes an upward X-block and a front snap kick to the attackers groin simultaneously. He then grabs the attacker’s wrist. He then turns and forcibly strikes upward to dislocate the attackers elbow. The defender then hooks the attackers jaw and starts to push his head back in preparation for a takedown. The defender turns and completes the takedown. At this point the attacker is easily controlled. If he continues to fight his elbow can be dislocated, or pressure can be applied to his windpipe until he passes out.

Knife Counter - 3
The defender jumps back as the attacker lunges forward and slashes. As the attacker reverses direction and stabs, the defender blocks the attacker’s wrist. The defender then grabs the attacker’s wrist and punches his hand until he drops the knife. He then executes a sidekick to the knee and knife hand strike to the throat. If the attacker continues to fight he can be choked unconscious, and his elbow can be dislocated.

GUN - 1
ATTACKER’S MOVE: Back of the head
1. Slowly turn your head to check which hand is holding the gun.
2. Raise hands up to the same height as the gun.
3. Simultaneously, duck your head down and to the side, as you spin around to the outside of the gun hand, then parry the gun hand with your closest hand. Slide your hand down to grab the wrist, while your other hand grabs the attacker’s shoulder.
4. Snap kick to the groin and keep this leg suspended for the next step.
5. Then pivot 180*; swinging the suspended leg around to the back, then at about 90* let go the shoulder and slide the forearm onto the attacker’s elbow and apply pressure to force the attacker down as you also go down on one knee.
6. Place the attacker’s extended arm onto your outer knee for support to palm strike the elbow.
7. Grab the front of the gun (barrel) and swing the gun at the attacker’s head using the butt end of the gun.
8. Cross and cover, while pointing the gun at the attacker.

GUN - 2
ATTACKER’S MOVE: Back of the head
1. Slowly turn your head to check which hand is holding the gun.
2. Raise hands up to the same height as the gun.

3. Simultaneously, duck your head down and to the side, as you spin around to the outside of the gun hand, then parry the gun hand with your closest hand. Slide your hand down to grab the wrist, while your other hand throws an upper cut to the armpit.
4. Use both hands to apply a wrist lock and turn it outwards, then snap kick the groin and keep this leg suspended for the next step.
5. Step to back of the attacker to take down backwards, while keeping pressure to the gun hand.
6. Place attacker’s gun hand (palm up) flat on the ground for a palm strike to the elbow to break the wrist, then grab or retrieve the gun.
7. Cross and cover, while pointing the gun at the attacker.

GUN - 3
ATTACKER’S MOVE: Back of the head

1. Slowly turn your head to check which hand is holding the gun.
2. Raise hands up to the same height as the gun.
3. Simultaneously, duck your head down and to the side as you spin to the inside of the gun hand, then parry the gun hand with your closest hand. Slide your hand down to grab the wrist, while your other hand spear pokes to the eyes, then place this hand under the attacker’s elbow.
4. Pirouette 360* under the attacker’s arm on your outer foot, while swinging the inner foot around.
5. Extend the arm out in front of you, then downward elbow onto the attacker’s elbow.
6. Grab the front of the gun (barrel), and swing the gun at the attacker’s head using the butt end of the gun.
7. Cross and cover, while pointing the gun at the attacker.

ATTACKER’S POSITION: Two attackers closely holding your arms on each side

1. Walk with the escorts and keep moving forward when performing the next step.
2. Swing your arms to the back and around toward your head to trap both
escorts arms behind your shoulders. Leave your head upright so that the attacker’s arms will not slip away.
3. Then grab your hands and push down to apply pressure to the joints of the attackers.

ATTACKER’S POSITION: One attacker bear hug from the back and the other stands in front

1. Snap kick to the groin of the attacker in the front.
2. Step out into a horse stance to get out of the hold, then back elbow to the attacker in the back.
3. Slide feet closer together to perform a shoulder throw. Try to throw this attacker onto the other attacker in front or just in front to obstruct, so that you can run away.

ATTACKER’S POSITION: Two attackers holding your wrist on each side

1. Right knee into the abdomen of the attacker on your left side. Then come back with a right side kick to the knee of the attacker on the right and at the same time pull your right hand out of the grip.
2. Step toward the attacker on the right side and perform a upward elbow with your left, then push the attacker away.
3. Cross and cover.

Multiple 2- Man Holding Defense Techniques:

1. Against two men holding your arms above elbow (like being escorted out of a bar).
Hook your arms over their arms behind elbows, press down as you squat and step
forward, maintain intense pressure against the back of their arms as you bring their
heads closer to the ground. Bringing your palms together, press their heads all the
way to the floor to complete the submission.

2. Against two men; one holding you in rear bear hug, other coming at you from the front
attempting to punch you. Thrust kick to groin of front attacker, slip out of bear hug, back
elbow to abdomen, shoulder throw rear attacker onto front attacker.

3. Against two men; each grabbing one of your arms with two hands below your elbows.
Right knee to groin of left attacker, Right sidekick to right attacker’s closest knee, pivot turn into
right attacker and do an Left upward elbow to his chin turn and finish-off left attacker with
effective finishing technique. (You can also throw him into the other attacker after a finishing strike)

4. Against two men; each grabbing one of your arms with two hands (their forward hand has
your wrist and their rearward hand have your arm above your elbow). Twist each attacker’s arm into a wristlock, pressing down to draw them closer. Right thrust kick to groin of left attacker, Right sidekick to knee of right attacker, Right knee to face of left attacker, Right sidekick to ribs/abdomen of right attacker. Finish attacker on the right with effective finishing techniques.

5. Against two men; one bear hugging you from rear, other coming from the front and
throwing a straight punch. Slip out of bear hug, parry the punch with your left hand and
do a backfist to groin of rear attacker. Right thrust punch to front attacker, back-kick to rear
attacker. Finish the front attacker with downward elbow and throw him into other attacker.

Sensei Jerome Fonseca


The laws of physics and the principles of yielding and blending in Jujitsu

No resistance, no resistance!, could you remember your jujitsu teachers telling you so. The principle behind such advice is the yielding principle. It means that you most learn not to resist the force exercise by your attacker but to learn how to blend with it and use his energy to redirect his attack and apply your own techniques in an effective way. What is behind this principle can be explain through the laws of physics. One of the most applicable to the martial arts is as follow: mass + speed = force. It don’t matter what type of technique your are practicing a kick or a throw, it holds true to all techniques. To apply your techniques smoothly and with ease you must have no resistance from your opponent. So, how can you avoid resistance?, the answer is by redirecting your techniques in the opposite direction in which such resistance is execute or blending with the force and energy of the attack. Imagine you are trying to apply a joint lock in a certain direction to a resisting opponent. The opponent is aware of your intention and tenses his muscles so you cannot twist in that direction, what you must do? Answer: redirect the technique and twist the arm or leg in the direction of no resistance, backwards, to the side, to the front or whichever direction in which the opponent wants to go.

If you apply the technique in whichever direction your opponent wants to move or attack, you won’t need too much strength, if any, to apply a technique, it will be executed smoothly and easily applied. Why?, because you will be using the attacker’s strength and the momentum generated by his own force against him. If your attacker wants to go backwards, don’t attend to force him going forward to apply your favorite technique, because you may get into a force against force struggle that will suck up your stamina and make you exhaust during combat. Learn to be open to the possibilities and adapt to the situation with the options available depending on the type of attack you are facing. If your attacker moves forward then that is the direction that you most apply your throw or use his momentum to strike, that way you will be helping yourself in the execution of your techniques and using your opponent’s own force to double your effectiveness. This is even more essential if your are being attack by a stronger attacker. If your attacker attends to strike you with a straight punch, the direction of no resistance is going forward, just the way he moves, going straight forward. Your opponent will make you aware of the direction of no resistance through his own type of attack or muscles contractions, not you. The way he moves you must move, that’s the principle of blending or in other words, “using your opponent’s energy?to your advantage. No resistance also applies to the principle of yielding instead of clashing with an attack.

Blending and yielding is the easiest way an attacker can be unbalance, a joint lock be applied or a throw can be execute. These were one of the main principles taught by Judo founder Jigoro Kano, he believed in “maximum efficiency with the minimum use of force.?The only way to use minimum force during a physical attack is to use your attacker’s force against him through the principle of yielding or no resistance and blending, that’s the way to go. The principles of yielding and blending must be enhance through the application of proper body mechanics in the execution of any technique. In simple words , while doing a technique you must move the right way which means “proper body mechanics?and in the right direction applying “the Yielding principle?not doing so will make your technique ineffective or very difficult to apply. Using the force of you attacker will double the effectiveness in the application of your self defense or competition techniques. This can be explain using the following physics law: force + force = momentum. Practice using your attacker’s momentum through the principle of yielding, you won’t regret it. Now, I understand why he shouted “no resistance, no resistance?, like if my life depended on it. Now, I understand why a Willow tree yields to the weight of snow, if it wouldn’t then his branches will break and get hurt. Now, I realize why most of the principles of nature also apply to the martial arts. Be safe and don’t clash but learn how to yield when necessary. It may be a wise decision or probable the best choice.

Sensei: Martin Ramirez
Certified Instructor in Jujitsu and Karate,

Close Quarter Combat and Self Defense


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